If getting up at the crack of dawn to take pictures of the rising sun is your cup of tea, then make sure you set your alarm early on the 21st June this year, because it is Summer Solstice in the northern hemisphere, and the start of the longest day of the year.

With a staggering 16 hours and 43 minutes of daylight to take advantage of in the UK, and 15 hours and 6 minutes in the US, it is an exciting day for photographers! To get you off to a good start, here are some great hints and tips for capturing the best shots as the sun rises.

Find your spot in advance


Think about where the sun will rise (it rises in the east); think about what you want in your shot and see if the two combine. It is no good rushing down to the coast to capture sunrise over a body of water only to realise that you are facing west!

Pack your bags the night before


Check your battery levels, load your film, check your memory, and pack before you go to bed. With one-off moments like the dawn of the longest day, you don’t want anything to hold you up when you should be on location.

Get up early


Of course, this should be a no-brainer – but remember you need to be at your chosen spot BEFORE the sun rises. Allow plenty of time to get there, explore the area and decide what will look good in the picture.

Take a tripod


With low light levels, your exposures as the sun first comes up will be too long for a clear hand held shot. Avoid blur and take a tripod.

What to have in your shot


Sunrise over a body of water is good, the sun edging up over a flat horizon is also good. If you have a mountain view, that is good too, so are trees and interesting buildings and people – basically, have a subject other than just the sun in your shot to add interest, such as Stonehenge!

Framing


Keep the silhouette line low so that you can capture the huge range of colours that emerge across the sky as the sun rises. As the sun gets higher in the sky, move the horizon line up so you capture the colours and details of the foreground such as dew, fog, mist and the world in general waking up. Try to avoid a 50/50 split with the horizon in the middle - unless you have something interesting going on.

Opt for manual not auto exposure


You will have far more control over the colours if you choose manual. Auto settings often sap depth, colour, intensity and interest by trying to balance out the colours in a sunrise. If you don't have manual exposure control, use the exposure lock if you have it so you can lock on to a brighter or darker area in your shot to over or under expose the image according to your liking.

Tips for manual


Experiment with aperture and shutter speed until you get the look you want – but remember you need to be pretty quick with this as the light levels will be constantly changing as the sun gets higher. Make it easier by choosing shutter priority on a slow speed then work your way up; or vice versa of course.

Filters


A split ND filter will help you expose of the darkness of the land and the brightness of the sky correctly without compromising the beauty of either. A colour-enhancing filter will increase the intensity of the sun’s colours, and render your silhouettes more solid.

UK - Sunrise on Thursday 21st June 2012 at Stonehenge is at 0452 hrs (4.52am)
US - Sunrise on Thursday 21st June 2012 at New York is at 0525 hrs (5.25am)

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Comments
posted June 18th, 2012
Shame I have an exam that day so there'll be no getting up early for me :(
posted June 18th, 2012
I'm getting confused can someone clarify? I thought the solstice was on Wednesday 20th this year?
posted June 18th, 2012
Solstice, when the axis of the earth is closest to the sun, begins this year on the 20th at about 11pm in the UK and 7pm in the US and the longest day begins the following day on the 21st.
posted June 19th, 2012
For clarification:

The northern solstice this year occurs at 23:09 UTC (or GMT, if you prefer) on the 20th June. In the UK, that is at 00:09 on the 21st June, because the UK is currently on British Summer Time (UTC/GMT + 1).

The longest day does not necessarily fall on the same day as the solstice. This year, taking London as an example, the longest day is the 20th June, with a total time between sunrise and sunset of 16 hours, 38 minutes and 20 seconds. This is one second longer than on the 21st June. For many other locations in the UK, the length of the day is the same on the 20th and 21st June (or, more accurately, is less than a second different).

If you are in a different country, you can determine the time that the solstice occurs here:
http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/fixedtime.html?iso=20120620T2309

And you can determine the longest day by selecting a nearby location here, and looking for the longest duration in the 'this day' column:
http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/sunrise.html
posted June 19th, 2012
@miley89 @abirkill winter solstice for us. This site could be coming north-centric
posted June 19th, 2012
@peterdegraaff Hence me calling it the northern solstice, not the summer solstice. :)

(The terms northern solstice and southern solstice are hemisphere-independent, unlike summer solstice and winter solstice.)
posted June 19th, 2012
I noticed that the article suggested us to manual focus. Although it is a suggestion to consider, it probably meant manual exposure and also confused AF and AE lock. AF and AE sure work together under same button with most of the settings and cameras I guess, but are completely different things.
posted June 19th, 2012
@abirkill Thanks for the clarification Alexis.

@sassik Thanks, I will amend.
posted June 20th, 2012
Sweet thanks.

@abirkill @kerrymccarthy
posted June 24th, 2012
I become swetting during looking an this photo :-) grat shot!
posted March 11th, 2013
Thank you for the info.
Would also like to mention the Harvest/Hunters Moon this month (Harvest in the Southern Hemisphere & Hunters in the Northern). It is the full-moon nearest the Equinox (equal day & equal night). For me in Western Australia it is the 27th March approx. 5:30 to 6:00pm. The moon will come up as a huge yellow ball. You can google it to find out the date and time it will occur where you live.
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